In our world there are certain types of plants that have both a terrestrial form, and one that grows in water. One of these is bacopa. This perennial norinaga family. Its the kind that grows on the ground, called Sutera. Naturally, such features can be characterized only plant, whose homeland is a swampy part of the tropics and subtropics.
Bacopa is the most hardy aquarium inhabitants. It is very well propagated and the owner has to this no effort. To grow it will not be easy, knowing the basic features maintenance and care. If you it properly, you will be provided with further beautiful flowering Bush.
Description water view — Bacopa aquarium
A plant that grows up to 40 centimeters in height. A deciduous part of a vibrant, rich green color. Leaf shape plates oval. Branches upright. They appear smaller flowers in different shades (white, lilac, purple). Different duration of flowering. At the moment there are up to 100 varieties of aquatic plants.
Popular types of aquarium backup:
- Bacopa caroliniana. Common in the waters of America. Long stems adorn the lush oval leaves that are on them pair. This view is very popular among aquarists, as it does not require special care and well-bred. Carolina bacopa contains at temperatures of 22 to 28 degrees. Low temperature is bad for its growth, and the adult foliage starts to rot. Water for growth should be enhanced softness. Its rigidity causes stunted growth and deformation of leaves. In General, the foliage of this species is resistant to fouling and deposition on it of different organic particles, so they do not inhibit its growth. Karolinska kind of picky about the lighting. It should be rich. Best of all, if it will be with natural ambient light, but artificial light is good to use fluorescent bulbs, they are chosen individually depending on capacity. Optimal light during the day is considered 12 hours. Good lighting with the proper temperature regime affect growth and beautiful flowering. Aquarium soil should not be heavily silted. Its composition should include sand or sea pebbles of small size. The plant eats nutrients that are in the water and feed the fish. Plant it with cuttings. So, the tops are planted directly into the soil. The roots can not wait, they will appear after some time.
- Bacopa austrailis. Grows on banks of ponds. Considered the smallest of the species. The environment is easily adaptable. Has green leaves with a hint of pink, which are placed opposite on the fragile stem. In natural conditions, can grow up to 40 inches. It has well developed roots. This species is placed in aquariums that do not should be small. The soil in them is small and not heavily silted. Grow in different positions: horizontally and vertically. Water is allowed a slight stiffness. It changes every two weeks. The temperature regime maintained in the range of 22-28 degrees, and daylight is not less than 10 hours. It is possible to use artificial lighting with fluorescent lamps. Otherwise, bacopa will react with leaf drop and slow growth. It is propagated by cuttings, using for this purpose the lateral processes. Blooms blue flowers.
- Bacopa madagascariensis. Takes origin from Madagascar. Hence the name. Can grow in water or partially on the surface. It has excellent quality and cleans the water from algae and prevents their development. Has a fleshy stem up to 15 centimeters in height with often weakly branched and prostrate stems. They are crosswise — opposite green leaves lanceolate. Blooms single purple flowers. This aquarium species loves to be in the foreground, is growing slowly. Requires compliance with the temperature regime of 24 to 28 degrees and intense lighting for at least 12 hours a day. Low light will cause falling of the lower leaves. For soil use fine gravel with sand. Reproduction occurs as in the previous species by cuttings. Apical part as cuttings are planted directly into the soil. There she independently rooted.
- Bacopa monnieri. Common in marshy areas of all the continents tropical and subtropical zones, where temperature of the air ranges from 15 to 30 degrees. Her compact clumps, bright green, with fleshy leaves in the shape of an oval. What is often used in the aquarium. It is placed on the edges of the aquarium or in the middle. This aquarium bacopa likes loose and well-ventilated soil that is well fertilized with organic matter. Not particularly demanding of water hardness and temperature. Importantly, the stiffness was not strong and the temperature dropped below 18 degrees. In bright light it goes well in growth, forming thickets. Taking care of her, it is only necessary to thin, not to spoil the decorative effect and stimulate the growth of new shoots.
- Bacopa myriophylloides. This plant has a strong resemblance to myriophyllum. Most often peritonitis species occurs in Brazil, so our aquarists is rare. Become typical squat thickets, which are very delicate. It is often because of this is placed in the foreground. In height it grows to 30 inches.
The plant capriciously. This form must be carefully monitored. He needs a good bright light, clear water, without any hint of haze. It should also be soft and acidic. Daylight prestolite bacopa is required to maintain not less than 12 hours, and the temperature between 22-25 degrees. As the plant is fragile, it requires care when prosimian and transplant. It propagated by grafting. Bacopa aquarium.
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