When and how to transplant a peony.

Many people ask: «When to transplant peony and divide it for reproduction?» The best time to transplant peony – the end of summer or beginning of autumn, and more specifically from 20 August to 20 September. Later, it is not recommended to transplant perennials, as they do not have time to take root. And in the spring or summer, the peony is better not to bother due to the growth of its roots, in late summer, the peony has already formed fat-storing nutrients in roots, but had not yet begun the growth of small suction roots.

What’s the peony can be divided for reproduction? To propagate a peony division is well 4-5 year old bushes, you can and older. Peonies in one place can grow for more than ten years, and these plants formed strong roots, impossible to dig out without damage.

If judged by their appearance pion for reproduction, the hive should have about 10 strong stems and full bloom.

My peony Bush at one point rising for more than 20 years, in the center he formed a bald spot, and the growth is on the edges. The size of the hive in diameter is more than half, to rejuvenate the plant and make it compact, I decided to transplant it to a new location.

Transplant peony step by step:

1. Peony stems before transplanting should be cut to a height of 10-30 cm

2. When digging peony, forks should be placed, retreating 15-25 cm from the stems. Alkapav Bush in a circle, remove the rhizome. Do not pull the stems of the peony, they can easily come off together with the largest kidneys resume!

When and how to transplant a peony.

3. After extraction of the rhizome peony out of the ground, you need to wash it under running water and keep it in shade for 2-3 hours, so that the roots become less brittle. Clearing rhizome water from the ground you can see kidney regeneration. There is a small dormant buds, they can Wake up in a few years and have large sprouts which will develop next year.

When and how to transplant a peony.

4. It is impossible to dig a peony without damaging the roots, they are fragile, thick and go deep into the ground, so removing the rhizomes often break off. During the inspection you must remove the old, cankered or decayed roots. All the cuts and bruises you need to sprinkle powdered charcoal or treated with brilliant green.

When and how to transplant a peony.

5. If the roots show signs of decay, then a 15-30 minute soak in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate or a preparation «Maxim» to decontaminate them.

6. To divide a peony root is necessary so that each part remained 3-5 large buds and the same thick tuberous roots. Too long roots can be cut and handle the wound.

When and how to transplant a peony.

7.The planting hole for the peony is usually prepared in advance. The hole for planting peony digging to a depth of 50-70 cm You may ask: «Why such a deep pit is needed for planting small delenki?» The fact that the roots of peony can grow to a depth of 1 meter in soft soil, and when they encountered the dense soil, it often crawl on the sides and are arranged in the upper layer of the soil. So you need to dig a deep hole, excavated soil is mixed with humus, add 100 g of superphosphate and back fill the loose soil to half or more excavated pits.

8. If planting peony can accumulate melt or rain water, at the bottom of the hole, pour a layer of coarse sand or gravel at 5-10 cm Peonies though, and I love to drink but stagnant water in the earth do not tolerate.

When and how to transplant a peony.

9. Planting hole filled with prepared soil should be well watered, to the land of the village. When placing the roots of the peony in the hole and add a ground to the kidney was at the depth of 3-5 cm below the ground surface. I usually do a notch on the stems, the level at which ROS peony before and on the same height spend transplant.

Fill the roots with earth, water and after subsidence, again add soil to the required level. It is impossible to trample down the soil around the transplanted peony not to break its fragile roots!

10. Before the onset of cold weather, transplanted peonies need to close any mulch or covering material to protect from frost while there is no snow cover.

When and how to transplant a peony.