Planting onions for the winter on turnip
Onion is one of the primary crops that are grown in the garden plots. It is planted in a certain period of time in spring or autumn. Podzimny planting has its advantages: the main one is the production of high quality crops. Before to choose the time when to plant onion sets in the autumn for the winter, you need to consider different factors. Autumn work will reduce the amount of planting in the spring. Enough to take care of the seedlings, and in the middle of summer already to harvest.
The advantages of planting winter onions
A significant disadvantage is that to plant large bulbs (the size more than 2 cm) to obtain the turnip is impossible. They almost all will go into the arrow. Put them exclusively on the pen.
Disadvantages podzimny planting onions
This method of planting has the following disadvantages:
- It is difficult to determine the optimum planting time, focusing on weather conditions of different climatic zones.
- The need to cover the onion beds for the winter warming material.
- Normal planting bulbs must be increased by 10-15 percent to account for possible freezing during the winter.
- Inwinter onions have a short shelf spring.
Separate novice growers, fearing that the onions will go into the winter with his pen, planted the sets in late November. Such landing do not have time to frost how to root and freeze during the winter.
When to plant winter onions
Growing winter onions is gaining popularity among gardeners. Winter crops grow successfully in the South. In regions with cold climate, not all gardeners are hesitant to conduct fall planting. However, the sets successfully overwinter under the snow cover even in strong frost.
Time for podzimnih planting onion sets is selected based on weather conditions in the region. Best time – a month before the onset of cold weather. If you plant bulbs too early, they will begin to grow, release the arrow and will die at freezing. For later planting, onions will not have time to take root in the garden.
In the autumn it is necessary to focus on the weather forecast. If the air temperature a few days, kept at +5 °C, it is possible to start work.
Varieties of onions for planting before winter
It is better to choose a winter-growing hybrid varieties or species, calculated for short medium and light day. This means that the formation of the bulb will start when the duration of daylight will be 12-14 hours. Sets designed for spring planting, it is better not to plant a winter. Such varieties do not tolerate low temperature and after freezing begins early to put the arrow.
Winter varieties of onions shall meet the following requirements:
It is best for the winter to plant the following varieties:
The last variety is relatively recent, it’s specially bred winter types. All of these varieties belong to early maturing and is quite resistant to the formation of a shooter. If you have the opportunity to plant a few different varieties, it is best to do so. Then we can compare the results and select the one that will give the best results. Do not forget about the taste:
Sweet varieties include:
As a rule, the winter is better to plant varieties with a sharp taste. More than their sweet cousins love the heat and do not tolerate frost. But in the southern regions can be successfully grown with winter fashion and sweet varieties of onions.
Preparation of onions for planting before winter
Planting are onions come in three categories:
For early greens in the winter, usually planted sample: large bulbs often strelyatsya. Sets and ovseiko sow to obtain bulbs, ripky, and it is recommended to plant for the winter, because when storing till spring in the premises of the plant material can dry out and planted in the fall, he next season will give a big, juicy bulbs.
Planting material before planting sorted, calibrated, and diseased, damaged, with signs of damage by diseases or pests, the bulbs are discarded. Healthy planting material is dipped to disinfection for half an hour in potassium permanganate solution and after that dried in the ground sample, the onion or osueke needs to go completely dry.
The selection of a site for planting onions for the winter
For the full development of the bow and produce a high yield before you plant onions, you need to choose the right area:
Planting onions for the winter
The onions are planted on the same principle. For example, ovseiko typical inwinter onion, preferably planted to a depth of two, maximum three centimeters deeper to bury him at all costs.
Between bulbs distance is better to leave the six or seven centimeters, and the groove positioned so that the distance between them was equal to half a dozens of centimeters. It remains upright to put the bulb slightly objav fingers, sprinkle the soil and smoothing it.
Incidentally, we described the method of planting onions in the grooves, but this does not mean that the plant it can only be so and not otherwise. It is possible to plant the onion and the wells (for example, favourite by many square-cluster method), the principle of planting the same.
Care for onions which are planted under winter is not required. After the winter it does not grow, and «asleep». Due to the fact that the bow is well rooted in the autumn before the onset of frost. He quickly touched in growth with the onset of heat. But this only affects the ripening and harvesting of onion. Care after planting onions for the winter, is only watering and then, very rarely. Autumn is often rainy. And in the spring, care for onions planted before winter, is on the General rules for the care of onions planted in the spring.
How to water and fertilize onion spring planted before winter
As soon as our onions went up, it is advisable to fertilize. This is done in early spring. For this purpose we use urea or superphosphate. Superphosphate, 30-40 g/m2. Potassium chloride will make during the formation of bulbs 10 g/m2. Pour onion in hot weather 2 times a week, 5-10 l per 1 square meter. In rainy, not watered at all.
A sign of the maturation of the bow is yellowing of the pen and lodging. Once the onions signaled we are ready to stop to pour it. After 10-14 days, the bow digging fork, gently in hand freed from the ground and in this condition left on the bed for another 2 weeks until complete drying. You can then either tie a bow in braids or cut a dried-up pen at a distance of 3-4 cm from the head. Keep this bow should be at room temperature in a dry place.
As confirmed by practice, the correct approach agrotechnical reception with a reasonable selection of varieties gives gardeners the opportunity to «regulate» the process of growing onions and the timing of the receipt of greenery and good harvest of turnips and planting material (seeds and small fractions of onion sets) at a lower cost for the organization of irrigation, and diseases and pests. Make planting and planting onions in the fall, at least temporarily, its «good habit» and soon not only do you not want to abandon it, but will recommend her to all my friends.