Flower Mimosa (Mimosa) grows in tropical and subtropical zones can be found on three continents: in Africa, Asia and America. The plant belongs to the family Milosovich. The genus includes several hundred different species.
Description of Mimosa
In the genus Mimosa along with herbaceous plants include trees and shrubs. In the gardening are used only a small part of the varieties of Mimosa. Most popular flower species is Mimosa pudica. Its small flowers are composed of spikelets or heads. The stems are deperate the leaf blade.
The Mimosa tree can be grown in a separate pot or to use in the foreground in floral arrangements. Because of the bright rich green leaves and unusual flowers among other plants, it looks no less impressive than itself.
Basic rules of growing Mimosa
The table shows the short rules of care Mimoza at home.
Level swedenization bright ambient light.Temperature nigerianigeria from March to September (up to 24 degrees) in the winter and a bit lower to +18 degrees. Mode polyvalency and in the summer you need to water the plant frequently during the cold season rate reduced. Vozduhoudalenija humidity humidity should be high. Flower recommended every day to spray moderately warm water or keep the flower on the pan with a wet expanded clay. Pocahont includes an equal share of peat, turf, sand, and humus. Podcherkivaet twice a month, but only during the growing season.
Dosage of mineral fertilizers should be half of that specified on the pack quantity. Parasitophobia only when necessary, because a Mimosa is usually grown as an annual. Transplanting is best in spring, early in the growth phase.Obraschatsya does not need regular pruning lettiev. Veteniary flowering lasts from spring to the end of August.Period palairet rest of the conditional, in winter, it just slightly slows the rate of growth. Many species can also reproduce from cuttings, this method is usually used in greenhouse farming. Flies and spider mites. Bolesnicima or yellowing of foliage, usually caused by a lack of care or adverse environmental factors.
You should know! Pollen of Mimosa is considered a strong allergen.
Care for a Mimosa at home
Growing in a pot Mimosa requires a lot of sunlight. Thus the direct rays of the plant is not terrible, pritenyat it is required only in particularly sultry or use a diffusing screen. This allows you to keep a pot of Mimosa in the southern Windows, but it also suited the Western and Eastern areas. However, a change of scenery on the sun can hurt the unprepared Mimosa. Moving the flower into the light of the shady place, or after a long period of cloudy weather, it is some time for shade to avoid sunburn, gradually accustomed to more intense light.
In the shade of Mimosa loses its decorative, its leaves begin to fade and aging, and flowering, you can not wait. The artificial light, the plant doesn't like.
From March until the onset of autumn frosts Mimosas kept in room temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. Heat the plant does not like. In winter, the best would be a relative cool — from +15 to +18 degrees.
Pour the Mimosas can only be well-separated by water. Do it as drying topsoil. Summer flower watered very abundantly, in the winter reduce watering volumes. Stagnant water at the roots in a cool room can lead to the development of disease. But not less harmful and is considered to be overdrying. You should try all time to keep the soil slightly moist.
The humidity level
For full Mimosa growth requires high humidity. Daily it is necessary to spray warm enough to use the stagnant water or carry out the procedure of sprinkling. To further humidify the air around the plant will help the tray filled with wet pebbles (expanded clay). You can use moist peat. The bottom of the pot must remain dry to waterlogged soil com.
Fertilize the Mimosa is valid only in spring and summer. Two times a month in the ground make a universal solution of mineral nutrients designed for flowering plants. But specified on the pack, the dosage should be halved, otherwise there is a risk to burn the roots of the flower. In autumn and winter, when the Mimosa resting, feeding not make.
Annual Mimosa is not usually in need of transplants, but years also try to transplant as little as possible. If necessary, this procedure is carried out in the spring, after the beginning of the growth period, has exceeded the whole soil ball into the new container. Its size should not be significantly different from the old. At the bottom of the pot is placed drainage, and the soil a mixture of peat with sand, turf and ground sheet. It is recommended to remove and change only the top layer of old soil, taking care not to touch the roots. The underground part of the Mimosa doesn't like contacts, so the root system as possible try not to touch and especially not to cut.
Even at home growing Mimosa is usually considered an annual. By the fall of its branches begins to stretch and lose their decorative effect. To flower pleasing to the eye longer have to annually prune the long stems. If you then keep the pot in the light, the plant will quickly grow fresh shoots.
Pruning can be carried out at the end of flowering, but best to do it in the spring. This method allows to estimate the degree growth of old stems, and form a Bush. Small nipping the young shoots can be carried out throughout the year.
Periodically a long-term Mimosa is not only formative, but also sanitary pruning. Withered twigs and broken leaves need a quick trim to drying did not lead to dropping nearby.
Pollen of Mimosa — very strong allergen. That is why people with pollen allergies are not recommended to keep this flower in the house. Also should be timely to clean the pot out of wet Mimosa blossoms or leaves.
Growing Mimosa from seed
Seeds on the Bush of the Mimosa appear quickly — in the first year of development at the end of flowering and by August or September. For aging we have to give flower a sufficient level of lighting. This allows to propagate the plant every year. Germination of seeds of Mimosa is very high, they can not ascend only due to improper storage. The collected seeds need to be soaked in solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, thoroughly dry and clean in a dark place.
Planting out until mid-spring. Planting material can be pre-soaked in water. Seeds 0.5 cm submerged into the soil of peat and sand or just lightly pressed them to the surface. Planting a container closed with a film every day for a while taking it off for ventilation. This will prevent your crops from the black legs. The optimum temperature for germination is about 25 degrees.
The first seedlings may appear within a week. When the sprouts will get a pair of true leaves, they dive into a separate container with a diameter of about 7 cm On each container may have 2-3 germ. As soil is a mixture of sand, leaf soil and turf. When the shoots get stronger and fill the container with roots, they are rolled over into a new pot, which can be 4 cm more than the previous. To bright light the young Mimosa should be introduced carefully and gradually.
If the Mimosa will be grown in the garden, in open ground the seedlings are transferred at the age of 2-3 months, when all the threat of frost passes. But garden cultivation of Mimosa is more suitable for inhabitants of the southern regions.
Diseases and pests
Improper care or adverse conditions may lead to the following problems with Mimosa:
- Yellowing of leaves. Usually associated with overflow and stagnation of water at the roots.
- Oblecenie leaves. The most common cause is irregular watering, but may also contribute to this too polluted air.
- The lack of color. Mimosa not in bloom with a lack of lighting or because of the cold air in the room.
- Lethargy and pulling stems. Often a sign of lack of light.
Pests of Mimosa are considered to be spider mites and aphids. The tick can be identified by the appearance of fine web on the leaves and their fall. Aphids also cover the stems and leaves sticky coating. To deal with them should be with appropriate insecticides, repeating the treatment a week later. Mechanical control methods would be inappropriate here.
Types of Mimosa with photos
Silver acacia (Acacia dealbata)
As a rule, this plant is present at the word "Mimosa". Acacia dealbata is its subspecies, often used in the preparation of the spring bouquets. The fact that flowering of this species occurs during winter and lasts until early spring.
Acacia is an evergreen tree, able to adapt to adverse environmental conditions. This allows you to grow southerner in countries with a colder climate, but fairly mild winters. The average height of silver acacia is 10 m, but there are more impressive specimens reaching up to 40 m. the trunk Girth of such trees is 60 cm. of Its bark has a grayish-brown color, and the name "silver" refers to the hue of the young foliage. On one disc green dissected leaves of acacia can be up to 20 pairs of small leaflets.
Inflorescences silvery acacia — fluffy fragrant Metalock yellow color, consisting of small spherical flowers. After flowering in their place by the fruit-pods of a few centimeters. They are filled with small dark seeds with a size of about 0.5 cm.
Mimosa pudica (Mimosa pudica)
South African perennial that is at home is considered a weed, but throughout the world is valued as a decorative culture. The maximum height of the shrub can reach 1.5 m, but usually they have smaller, more modest-sized (35-50 cm). Mimosa pudica is remarkable for its flowers. They are a fluffy lilac or pink beads, located on long peduncles. The size of each flower reaches 2 see This Mimosa blooms almost all summer. Flowering starts from late spring and continues until early autumn. Once a plant tie green fruits with lots of seeds.
A distinctive feature of Mimosa pudica is the ability of its leaves to respond to external stimuli. If her Bush to rock, they begin to excrete toxic substances, especially dangerous for animals. From a simple touch, the leaves immediately fold. After some time (20-30 minutes) they straighten back. But all too often carry out similar experiments on flower growers is not recommended. A constant feeling of danger will weaken the immune system of the plant. Mimosa is also able to respond to time of day and sometimes folds the sheets not only at night but in a dark cloudy day.
Lazy Mimosa (Mimosa pigra)
Evergreen perennial plant. Shoots are positioned vertically, this Mimosa is painted in light green shade. Due to the presence of notches, the foliage adds to her resemblance to a fern. Mimosa pigra in size can reach 50 cm Flowering is abundant and lush. The white blossoms of a spherical shape centered at the top of the Bush. To grow it in the garden and at home.
Rough Mimosa (Mimosa scabrella)
This view includes not only shrubs but also trees. The size of each plant is directly dependent on the growing location. Because of this property of Mimosa scabrella is cultivated both on the street and in houses and greenhouses. The plant is talyubittu: homeland rough Mimosa — Central and southern regions of the American continent. A cold draft or a sudden cold can kill the plant. It also should be protected from long exposure to direct bright sun.
Shoots are painted in shades of brown, the foliage is small in size. Inflorescence — yellow Metalock of ball-shaped flowers. At the end of the flowering period for the shrub fruits appear, filled with a dense seed.