Hyacinth (Hyacinthus) is a beautiful bulbous plant from Asparagus family (Asparagaceae), flowering in spring. «Reproduction of hyacinth at home» is our new hard task today! I will tell you some methods and secrets how to make them grow and give flowers.
From the ancient Greek name translates as «flower of rain», as hyacinth blooms with the first spring rains. But the Greeks also called it the «flower of sorrow» and linked this flower with Apollo and killing the young son of the king of Sparta. The birthplace of this graceful tree is the Mediterranean and South-East Asia.
Blooming stalk of hyacinth can be as undersized and relatively high. From a rosette of leaves leaves succulent stems with numerous flowers that resemble bells and gathered in racemose inflorescence. Flowers presented in the most unexpected shades. The leaves are smooth, fleshy, bright green.
Popular types of hyacinth
All possible hyacinths can be divided into three main types, which are grown mainly in the Mediterranean countries. Although botanists continue to argue about certain species, wanting to label them as independent, but according to official statistics distinguish only the following main types of hyacinths:
The Oriental hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis) – the most famous and common form. It is from this species are the most well-known ornamental varieties. In the wild it grows in Dalmatia, Greece and Asia Minor. The stems of the plant are thin, flowers are rare. The flowers have a different color and a pleasant aroma.
Litvinov hyacinth is a perennial herbaceous plant, which are grown more as an annual. In the wild it is found in the Eastern regions of Iran and Turkmenistan. Among this type are found both high and low instances. Flower extraordinarily beautiful. Dominated by blue, purple and greenish colors. The leaves are a little wider than the Oriental hyacinth.
Hyacinth Caspian – has a fairly tall stems, usually two of the peduncle. Color colors are always light blue. In the wild it is found in the Kopet Dagh mountains.
Care of hyacinth at home
Hyacinth is primarily a garden plant. Wanting to grow it at home, it is necessary to recreate natural conditions. This task is not simple, but with due diligence and joanie will be able to cope and novice gardeners.
The location and lighting
How we already know, the best option is the South and South-East window. And the reason is the great love of sunlight. The hyacinth needs the light of day – at least 15 hours a day. So, if you put it on the West or North side, will have to help the plant through the fluorescent lamp.
Even if the plant likes light, direct sunlight can harm him, so hot summer days window better shading or a day to remove the plant from the window sill. The pot periodically need to rotate in different directions.
The sharp change of heat and cold, drafts, hot radiators – all this negatively affects the flower. The most suitable for the comfortable growth of hyacinth is the temperature – 20-22 degrees Celsius. But, given that this flower is the first to be promoted as a garden, then stay on the street or the balcony in the warm time of the year will do him only good.
Watering and humidity
The plant needs regular, but careful watering. Irrigate very carefully. If water will be on any of the parts of the plant, it can start zagnoenie this part and in the result, the hyacinth will die. Safest option is to carry out watering by immersion, and watering cans should be abandoned. The water should be warm, soft and settled.
Hyacinth does not require spraying. And when he blooms – it is generally contraindicated!
Optimum soil composition for hyacinth will be the substrate of leaf soil, humus, peat, loam, and sand. All this must be mixed in equal parts.
Feeding and fertilizer
Hyacinth constantly needs feeding. As fertilizer you can use any generic for houseplants. For hyacinths in the garden to make fertilizer in dry form and in dissolved. But before applying liquid fertilizer to the plant need to be watered.
The choice of the bulb and the forcing of hyacinths
In order to obtain a beautiful flower, hyacinth bulbs should be purchased from reputable specialty stores. When purchasing bulbs you need to carefully inspect and make sure that they are not damaged or sick. A healthy plant will grow only if the elastic and smooth bulbs. Which has a clear neck and shoulders. In most cases, the color of the scales and of the bulb coincides with the future of the inflorescence. Not always about the quality of the bulbs say its size, however, if its diameter is within 5 cm is a good indicator. The best time to purchase bulbs in late summer.
If you are going to buy an already Mature plant, you need to inspect the hyacinth leaves and stem. The stalk must stand straight, the leaves should be facing up and the stem does not need to be tilted.
How to get flowers at the right time
In order for the bulbs to elegant stems, you need to provide a plant of the present cool autumn. During this period, the temperature regime must be within 5-9 degrees. This can be achieved by sending the plant in the basement or on the bottom shelf in the refrigerator. And to enhance the effect of the bulb in the soil can be rolled up the opaque package. Of course, care during this period is minimized. Surprisingly, such conditions are optimal for active growth of the hyacinth. This continues usually for 2 months.
When the sprout appears (about 5 cm) the plant needs «spring», the temperature should be set to 13-15 degrees. At this temperature, it need to contain before the advent of the first buds. And with their advent the hyacinth needs to be temperature – 20-22 degrees Celsius. The transition temperature must be smooth, otherwise the flower may die or become painful.
Care of hyacinth after flowering
After flowering, the rest period, the most important thing for hyacinth — the correct temperature. Need to be watered moderately. When hyacinth fades and the leaves fade, it’s time to do the onion. Stems and leaves should be cut off, and bulb digging. Usually it happens in June.
The bulb must be carefully inspected if necessary (or prophylactically) to disinfect. And then, changing the temperature regime from 30 to 17 degrees, to keep it before the autumn planting.
Planting hyacinth house in the pot
When planting hyacinth is allowed to place in one pot of 3 bulbs (including their sizes). Not that the bulbs are in contact with the walls of the pot and each other – between them should be 2 cm. the Pots should be of medium size. On the bottom of the pot necessarily poured drainage – this can be river sand, which should occupy 2 cm in the pot. The tip of the bulbs must be lifted above the soil. After planting the substrate need to be taken down, water and sand. Then the pot should be placed in a package tie, but first make it a few holes and put in a cool dark place.
Some grow hyacinths without soil in water. This is a very real method, but the prerequisite is dissolved in water fertilizers. Hyacinth bulbs must be on the container surface, only slightly touching the water. For some time it should be in a cool dark place. And with the advent of the roots the plant should be relocated back into the light.
Reproduction of hyacinth at home
There are several ways of breeding hyacinths. At home actual:-babies bulbs and scales. In a natural way with one of the bulbs every 5 children during the vegetation period. To achieve maximum results use the method of notching the bulbs. The process requires changing temperature regimes and regular treatment with a fungicide. But if you do everything correctly, then after 3 months will guarantee small onions-kids.
Diseases and pests
Hyacinths main pests: aphids, thrips, spider mites, stem and root-knot nematode, flower flies. They are able to destroy the plant – the leaves turn yellow, the bulbs become rotten and decaying. In each case, their methods of struggle. But most of them are associated with the use of insecticides.
In addition to pests enemies hyacinths are various diseases that can be noninfectious, infectious, viral, bacterial and fungal in nature. The most common and dangerous are yellow bacterial rot and bacterial soft rot. From diseased plants leaves blacken and wither from the top. Along the veins of leaves and on the stems appear watery and brown stripes. The first follicles appear yellow spots, and then the whole of the bulb rots and begins to emit a stench. Such a plant not be saved. Sick plant and the bulb should to burn, and the hole treated with formalin or bleach.
The problems of Hyacinth reproduction at home
If the hyacinth is wrong to care, then you may experience the following problems:
- Hyacinth ceases to blossom. It is usually related to violation of temperature regime. The plant does not like too high temperatures.
- The plant has yellow leaves. This most often occurs on the background of improper watering or draughts.
- Wither the leaves. This is due to the lack of natural light.
- Fall buds. The reason for this incorrect watering. To implement it you need to gently so that the water falling on the peduncle.
- Rotting flowers. This happens when the plant is too «zalyublivayut» (too watered).
Hyacinth fairly undemanding plant. Subject to proper care in the home is a specific reason for concern will not. It can successfully grow both experienced and novice growers.
Here some interesting articles for your attention: