How to plant dill seeds and seedlings in the open ground, planting dates
Dill, as noted by many gardeners, is quite whimsical. Although in many cases it grows quickly and without problems, it happens that, despite the care, he rises slowly and does not give the lush greenery. Consider planting dill and care for them after planting.
The best varieties of fennel for open ground
On a personal site or in the country you can grow varieties of early, medium and late ripening. Early grow quickly, but don’t give lush greenery. Species of this group known Gribovskaya, far, Redoubt. Alligator, Max, Richelieu – middle-class. Of late you can plant, such as: Frost, fireworks, Patterns. They grow long, but they have the most luxurious greens.
The timing of planting of dill
To sow dill is available during the whole season, from spring to autumn. This is because plants do not need much time to grow, harvest several times over the summer.
In the spring
It is best to carry out the planting of dill in the spring. The plant is cold-hardy, so can sow the seeds after the snow melts.
The earlier you sow the seeds, the better – until the earth dried up, they will be able to use winter moisture fully.
In the South of Russia can be sown in March, in the Middle lane – in April or early may. For planting early spring use dry seeds.
In the summer
Plant dill in the summer and can, at any time: as a series of individual beds, and podstaw it to other vegetables. Believed to to ensure yourself to fresh greens, you need to sow seeds every 2 weeks.
In order to make them grow faster, they need to soak, sprout and planted, watered frequently until emergence. The most favorable days for planting dill are considered as cloudy or after rain – at this time, not hot and the land is a lot of moisture.
In the fall before winter
Because the plant is cold-hardy, and its seeds do not freeze in the cold, it is sown and autumn. Many gardeners believe it’s better than to sow in the spring, as the seeds undergo natural stratification. The time of sowing dill – before the onset of cold weather, so seeds have time to germinate. In the spring of this boards more friendly and dill for 2 weeks before spring planting.
Planting dill in the open ground
Not only seeds you can plant dill in the open ground, but seedlings. It is grown from a Bush varieties to produce a very early harvest. Before planting you need to choose the best place for the beds and prepare the seeds.
Where to plant — the best predecessors and neighbors
Can sow in areas where it grew any cultures, except Umbelliferae (parsley, coriander, anise, caraway, carrot, celery, fennel and parsnips). The plants from which you intend to collect seeds for further propagation cannot be sown next to the beds of fennel – they can perepylytsia. But you can place the fennel next to the potatoes, cabbage, root vegetables, cucumbers, tomatoes and strawberries, it is undesirable – near Basil, carrots and watercress. After an early dill can be planted tomatoes, cucumbers, pumpkin, eggplant, pepper.
In General, they can be sealed with beds with vegetables, and medium-late ripening. The benefits of this dual you can collect herbs and vegetables from the same area, plus flowering plants attract pollinators and repel harmful insects. After dill for next year can be planted all the crops, except the umbrella.
Preparation of seed for planting
You should take fresh seeds, the fresher, the better. They are covered with a layer of essential oils that give them a pleasant odor, but these oils prevent good germination. Dill seeds to germinate faster, it is necessary to wash away these oils. When sowing under winter and early spring that occurs naturally, and in late spring and summer they need to prepare.
In the preparation of fennel seeds for sowing includes soaking and sprouting. Germinated them in gauze, moistened with warm water (duration 2-3 days). If the time for germination is not, then you need to wash them in hot (60 °C) water. Another variant germination – sparging during the day. Before sowing the seeds need to dry, so they crumbled, but not overdry, so as not to dry the sprouts, if they have already appeared. Rises sprouted dill in warm earth after 1 week.
Land for dill should be placed in the sun, in a small penumbra, but not in the shade. The lack of lighting, the leaves will be thin, long, pale, the yield is low.
Dill will fit any type of soil, but best if it is loose, fertile, with a thick humus layer. Acidic soils and wet not good for him. Soil preparation standard – fall or spring need to dig over the beds, fertilize it with humus (1 bucket per 1 sq. m.), ashes (0.5 kg per 1 sq m) or fertilizer. In acidic soil, add chalk, lime slaked in quantity to reduce the acidity.
When sown in the open ground in spring ashes or phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in moderate doses, an overabundance of minerals can cause redness of greenery.
Sowing dill seeds
For planting dill in the open ground seeds in the spring in wet ground to prepare them is not necessary. It remains only right to sow: dig up the earth and loosen it, cut furrows and sow the seeds to a depth of 1-2 cm. At what distance to plant and how much, the grower decides for himself, but for the good nutrition of plants to place the rows need not less than 15 cm from each other.
To sow a winter in the ground too, just need to dig over the beds, make furrows, sow in them the seeds dry to a depth of 3 cm, covered with earth, humus, in cold regions – leaves or other mulch. To water the garden and soak the seeds don’t need.
Vegetable growers sometimes grow dill seedlings. For this approach early Bush varieties, which are sown in a greenhouse or grown on the windowsill. Transplanted to the garden plants when they grow to 3-4 cm planting Scheme 3-4 cm in the row and 20 cm row spacing.
How to care after planting
Care dill nothing complicated. General recommendations are the same as for other vegetables, but also has its peculiarities.
Watering and fertilizing
Water the dill you often and abundantly. Without water, especially in hot weather, the greens will not grow. In addition, plants lacking moisture, previously throwing an arrow. But pour is not necessary, saturated with moisture less fragrant dill.
Fertilize plants grown on the greens, if the food was made prior to or at sowing, no need. Growing herbs longer than a month, pre-plant fertilizer is sufficient for normal growth.
The copies left on the seeds can be fed after cutting the main mass infusion of manure and ash nitrophoska, Cristallina etc.
Weeding and hoeing
Loosen the garden bed is necessary after each watering. At the same time and to weed. This allows air to penetrate to the roots, the soil becomes easier to destroy the weeds. Loosen be careful not to cut the roots of plants.
Shelter in the heat
In extreme heat, when the dill wilts, it is necessary to make a shade. To this end, over the beds need to arrange some kind of canopy, cover it with fabric to create a shadow.
Is it possible to transplant the dill
It is possible to transplant young plants, for example, during the first spring thinning. The transplant needs to be done immediately before they started to fade. Adult fennel do not transplant.
When to harvest and how to store
For green plants that have not yet thrown out of stems. They have short stems, compact collected leaves, they are green and tender. After flowering, the leaves stiffen. The leaves are cut when they grow to 15 cm should be Cut with scissors at the root or to pull the Bush out of the ground completely. The umbrellas of seed be cut when they wither, and the seeds will easily crumble.
Fresh dill greens should not be stored long – wilts and turns yellow. In the fridge it can be kept 1 week in the room – no more than 2 days. For long term storage of herbs you can dry, salt, freeze (wash, dry, cut, folded into packets, put them in the freezer). Dry leaves in semi-shade, indoors, spread a thin layer on the fabric. Dosushit in the oven, pulverize it and put it into dry jars. Store the seasoning and seeds in a dry place at moderate temperatures and humidity, in the dark. Shelf life of dry herbs and frozen – 1 year, seeds longer than 2-3 years.
To plant and grow dill in the country for any grower. This plant is nice because it can be sown throughout the season and get greens from the garden almost continuously.