How to grow mango?

How to grow mango?

Mango at home

Mango is the most common tropical tree. This evergreen plant is native to Burma and Eastern India, belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. Tropical tree is one of the main national symbols of India and Pakistan.

The height of the tree trunk can reach 30 meters, and its crown circumference – up to 10 meters. Long dark green mango leaves have lanceolate shape, and their width is not more than 5 cm in the Young glossy leaves are a tropical plant characteristic red or yellow-green color.

The flowering period of mango falls on February-March. Yellowish inflorescences collected in brooms pyramidal shape. Panicle-inflorescence consists of several hundred flowers, and sometimes number in the thousands. Their length can reach 40 cm Flowers mango predominantly male. The aroma of open flowers almost identical to the scent of Lily blossom. Between the period of wilting flowers and ripening of mango fruit takes at least three months. In some cases, this process has been delayed up to six months.

How to grow mango?

How to grow mango?

Tropical plant has long sturdy stems that can support the weight of Mature fruit. Ripe mangos can weigh up to 2 pounds. The fruit is smooth and thin skin, color which depends on the degree of ripeness of the fruit. And the color of the rind can be green, yellow and red, but on a single fruit often found the combination of all these colors. So the degree of maturity of the fruit also depends on the state of the pulp (soft or fibrous). Inside the pulp of mango is a large solid bone.

In modern times it is known more than five hundred varieties of tropical fruit. According to some, there are up to 1000 species. All they are different in shape, color, size, buds and the taste of the fruit. Industrial plantations give preference to the cultivation of dwarf mango. It is recommended to grow them at home.

A tropical evergreen tree comes originally from the Indian States. It often happens that the mango grows in the tropical forests with high humidity. In our day a tropical fruit grown in various parts of the world: Mexico, South America, USA, Philippines, Caribbean Islands, Kenya. Mango trees are also found in Australia and Thailand.

India is a major suppliers of mangoes to foreign countries. On the plantations of this South Asian country is going about 10 million tons of tropical fruits. In Europe the biggest suppliers of mangoes are considered to be Spain and the Canary Islands. How to grow mango?

  1. Care for mango at home
  2. Location, lighting, temperature
  3. Soil
  4. Watering and humidity
  5. Feeding and fertilizer
  6. Reproduction mango
  7. How to grow mangoes from seeds.
  8. Diseases and pests

Care for mango at home

How to grow mango?

Location, lighting, temperature

Location tropical tree in the house plays a key role in the proper development of the plant. Whenever possible, you should dedicate to the location of the mango is the most bright and colorful place in the apartment.

An evergreen tree should be in a free pot, because its root system is developing rapidly. Mango loves to be in the sun. The lack of natural lighting often leads to diseases of plants.

Mango — quite heat-loving plants for plants the optimum temperature at any time of the year is in the range of 20-26 degrees.

Soil

The ground under the mango tree should be fairly loose. Always remember to provide good drainage!

Watering and humidity

How to grow mango?

Moderately moistened soil is the ideal soil for growing tropical tree. It is very important to minimize watering during flowering of mango. However, it should be given attention as leaves dry, they will droop. After removing the fruit, the watering becomes the same. The plant must gain new energy for further development. Moderately moist soil is especially important for young trees that do not tolerate the existence of dry substrate.

Mango does not like excessive moisture, but dry air can hurt him. The humidity in the room should be moderate.

Feeding and fertilizer

For the formation of beautiful branchy crown it is necessary to feed the plant in early spring. In the period of active growth of tropical tree should be introduced into the soil with organic fertilizer (every 2 weeks). Microfertilizers are used for additional feeding of plants. Which is carried out not more than 3 times a year. In the autumn mango needs no fertilizer. The plant to develop properly, and pleasing their owners healthy and tasty fruits, it is advisable to provide them with a complete balanced fertilizer.

Reproduction mango

How to grow mango?

Earlier, mango is propagated by seed and grafting. Its relevance in our days have kept only the last method of propagation of tropical plants. This is due to the fact that the vaccine gives a guaranteed result. Grafted plants only in the summer. For grafted trees, you can select any soil, provided that the land will be light, loose and nutritious. Good drainage is also required.

If young grafted tree hastens to blossom and to bear fruit, so you should remove the flower panicle after her absolute blooming. To prevent flowering of mango with all its consequences is possible only in 1-2 years after vaccination.

It is noteworthy that the first harvest of mango will be minimal, and that’s fine. The plant tries to protect itself from exhaustion, and allows you to get several large and delicious fruit. Further, the number of mangoes will increase.

How to grow mango?

Diseases and pests

For mango the greatest danger is spider mites and thrips. Of the diseases most common bacterial blight, Anthracnose and powdery mildew.

Diseases and pests of pelargonium

Periwinkle indoors

Gardener Lunar calendar for February 2020

Carnations perennial in the garden, planting and care