Heucherella, foamy bells
Heucherella, foamy bells (Heucherella) is a plant derived specially for landscaping. The first such hybrid was created in Europe in the early twentieth century. This perennial of the family saxifragaceae is the result of plant crossing and tiarella. From the first he took a similar inflorescence, from the second — compact size and shape of the leaves. Its decorative qualities and peculiarities of growing heucherella, foamy bells is loved both by designers and gardeners. It is often used in floral arrangements in the parks and sites. This flower is found on the shores of garden ponds, and as edges of curbs, decoration of flower beds, rockeries and rock gardens.
Heucherella, foamy bells has low light levels, does not require special measures to care for, fairly drought resistant, but during the snowy winters, can tolerate hard frost. In addition, the flower on responsive feeding, and its beautiful leaves remain decorative until deep frost.
Heucherella to grow in the open ground and in large garden pots. Its thick roots are close to the soil surface. The plant has a flexible pink shoots, forming a globular Bush, and the beauty of it is given not only the air inflorescence-panicle, but elegant carved leaves.
Petioles and underside of leaves from this flower is covered with dense down. The lobed leaves resemble maple, but have softer outlines. In the winter they don’t dry out, continuing to stay fresh under the snow. The coloration depends on the variety. There are varieties with variegated or multicolored leaves a predominance of a lead colour: yellow, green or purple.
The average height of Heucherella of about half a meter, but in the summer with stalks the Bush may seem a little higher. The flowering period lasts from July to August.
Landing Heucherella in open ground
The hybrid combines the best qualities of unpretentious and shade mountain beauties tiarella and plant. In this case it is even more hardy. With good shelter and snow cover Heucherella not afraid of the cold down to -40 degrees. This plant was passed on to many of the properties of their «parents». As geyhera, it prefers neutral or slightly alkaline soil, does not like waterlogging. For growing is better suited to sandy or clay area.
Despite the overall simplicity to the degree of light, a place for planting Heucherella is recommended to choose on the basis of its varieties. Plants with dark leaves usually prefer a more shady corners (in the sun, their colors can fade), with light — moderate sun. Universal may be the place with scattered lace shadow. It is important that it does not accumulate and does not stagnate rainwater.
When growing geherally in the mid-latitudes in the prepared for landing land add dolomite flour. To ensure the removal of excess moisture from the roots, each of the planting holes fall asleep a small layer of drainage (up to 5 cm thick). There you can add wood ash — it will serve as fertilizer for seedlings. After geherally lowered into the hole, fill the remaining place fertile soil, but try to leave the Central Bud open. Heucherella, foamy bells does not require a large distance between the bushes, but at 1 m should be planted no more than 12 bushes.
Care rules Heucherella
Heucherella, foamy bells is so undemanding in care, what to grow it can even novice gardener. Lightly water the plant regularly (that promotes abundant flowering), but most importantly — do it in long dry periods. At the same time severe overflow is considered to be harmful to plants.
Feeding usually requires only young copies: they fertilize nitrogen-containing drugs. But it is important not to overdo it. The growth of herbage may adversely affect winter hardiness. To fertilize the flower in the spring, at the beginning of the season, and in summer, after flowering. Well, if the drugs present are phosphorus. Organic supplements make a minimal amount — an excess will harm the flower.
Due to the fact that the roots of Heucherella not go deep into the earth, sometimes they can get naked. Behind this monitor periodically prisypaya the area around the Bush with a mixture of sand and humus.
Part of Heucherella varieties resistant to strong frosts, but some hybrids still can freeze. To be sure the survival of plants in winter, they are still advised to cover. Also suitable hilling and mulching, helping to cover the upper part of the root. To follow as he raises the earth and laid bare. Close Heucherella possible for another reason.
If you are planting in full sun, after the spring snowmelt evergreen foliage plants will begin to evaporate the moisture, draining dormant roots. Dry weather during this period can destroy landing faster than cold. The shelter is able to protect the flowers. Remove it slowly on a cloudy day. The only exception is the dense sealing material: with the onset of heat the flower will need airing, but sharply to deprive him of the shadows this is not. After the final lifting of the cover can be further watering the bushes with warm water to activate the vital activity of the roots.
After wintering, the bushes must be cleaned of old dried leaves. So they retain their elegant look, every few years you need to carry out the procedure of dividing and transplanting. This is usually done every 3-4 years.
Methods of reproduction Heucherella
Because of the hybrid origin of Heucherella to grow from seed will not work: after flowering, the fruits have, as a rule, are not formed. To propagate this plant is only possible by cuttings or by dividing the Bush.
The division of the Bush
The division not only helps to get new bushes geheral, but also to make them more attractive. Over time, the old landing begins to stretch, and their tops wither.
In the spring the flower is better not to disturb. Transplanting and dividing engaged in July-August. By this time, heucherella, foamy bells will wither and will increase root mass. If you transplant them during this period. They will have time to settle down in a new place until frost.
Extracted from the earth hive is washed, cleaned of old dried up pieces and shoots, and is divided into parts so that each one had at least one healthy kidney. The resulting delenki can be seated at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other. Little can be pre-grow, first placing them in pots or containers, and then planted in open ground. To water a seedling needs at least a couple times a week.
If the plant simply requires rejuvenation, it is possible not to divide dug up the Bush, but only to remove side shoots.
For cuttings, choose young shoots-rosettes growing in the spring. The optimum time for cutting is from early April to may.
The prepared cuttings placed in a jar of water for a more rapid formation of roots, you can add a stimulating drug, for example, Kornevin. Roots these shoots grow during the month. After that, they must be planted in pots with fertile soil. The process of corentine faster in the shade.
In open ground the seedlings are transferred when they are beginning to grow and sprout new leaves. Cuttings are taken very quickly. By the end of summer they can catch up with the size of adult plants. If planting cuttings grown in the garden came in the fall, you should thoroughly insulate the landing before the onset of cold weather. Them covered with straw, leaves or spruce branches. You can use and covering material.
Diseases and pests Heucherella
Heucherella, foamy bells is highly resistant to many diseases, but sometimes affected by powdery mildew or brown spot. This may be because of stagnation of water in the roots, or the neighborhood with the ill instance.
Powdery mildew can be recognized by whitish formations on the foliage. In combat it will help any fungicide.
Brown spotting is manifested in the form of spots of brown color. Most often, the disease contributes to too much rain in the summer. In this case, the ground does not have time to properly dry. To save the plant will help the spray preparations containing copper.
Sun on the leaves Heucherella may appear burns. In such periods often need to water the bushes. Do it early in the morning or in the evening, after sunset. If burns occur all too often, by fall you can transplant the plants to a more secure partial shade.
Slugs can damage the leaf blades of the plants, leaving circular holes and whitish stripes. To get rid of them, trying to not let colors. To do this in the morning or the evening near the bushes scatter hydrated lime or crushed eggshells. Valid, and specialised insecticides.
Another possible pest, the furrowed weevil. These insects cause drying of the upper part of the bushes. To scare them away near the landings scatter soaked craolina sawdust (for the solution you will need 1 tbsp to half a bucket). Another method of combating the weevil: spraying a solution of mustard powder (1 tbsp per liter of water).
The types and varieties of Heucherella with photos
So the types and varieties of Heucherella differ in colour and size of leaves. The palette of colors includes red, purple and green and also other shades. Like Michelacci inflorescence usually painted in tones of white, yellow or pink and consist of small flowers in the shape of a bell. Among the most well-known varieties:
Bright green leaves and pink blossoms. The size of the flower stalks reach up to 45 cm.
Light green foliage with a silvery effect.
A miniature variety, the size of the Bush does not exceed 20 cm in height and 30 in width. Grows best in moderate shade under the large trees. In spring and summer the foliage is painted in a Golden-orange color, in autumn it becomes grey.
This variety is often used for bordering plantings and for filling rockeries. Looks good in combination with other varieties Heucherella and hostas and geranium.
Low red shrub that goes well with green plants. Bright colored foliage complement the coral stems and light pink blossoms.
Solar Eclipse (Solar Eclipse)
The unusual name is connected with the color of leaves. The main part of the sheet has a rich Burgundy color, but it has a light green edge.
Bush height of about 45 cm in Spring the leaves are painted in a yellowish-green tint by late summer. The main color changes to deep green, and the veins brown. So the flowers have a coral shade.
Large carved leaves of this variety turn different colors depending on the conditions. The warmer the weather the more they are dominated by shades of green and yellow. Cool also correspond to the purple and red colors. Flowers varieties — white, arranged on slender stems to 30 cm tall. The flowering period lasts from the second half of may until the end of July.
Golden Zebra (Gold Zebra)
Red-orange leaves with yellow-green border is decorated with a Bush of medium height. Flowers painted white, the florets are of average height.
Stoplight (Traffic Light)
Wide bright green leaves decorated with reddish streaks. This variety blooms white. Most effective looks against the Burgundy foliage or open ground with a brown filling. Bush height in the flowering period — up to 65 cm.
Red-orange foliage with middle and clear streaks of brown.
Bright, heavily dissected foliage is blue-green in color with dark brown streaks complemented by the pink whisk inflorescences. Bush of this variety is a miniature, it reaches a height of only 25 cm
The number of varieties Heucherella is constantly updated. Among other popular and well-established varieties of plants «Kimono» pinkish blossoms and maroon veins on green leaves, «quick silver» with silver-white flowers and brown foliage. Macrophylla «Sweet Tee» in warm red and orange tones can serve as a great podvorotnya that suppresses weeds. Remarkable also «RedStoneFalls» with brownish-orange leaves and a dark green border, «Alabama sunrise» with yellow leaves, complemented by brown and framed by bright green, «Twilight», featuring dark leaves with a silver bloom.