Garlic: cultivation and maintenance in the open ground in spring!
Garlic: cultivation and maintenance in the open ground in spring
Garlic is considered a perennial herbaceous plant, which possesses valuable properties. To grow this natural medicine in your summer cottage is easy. The main thing – to strictly follow all the recommendations of sowing and seed preparation. If you follow the rules of planting garlic in the spring, it is possible to grow a large crop of garlic.
Garlic spring – description
Rounded, somewhat flattened bulb of garlic has a complex structure in the axils of the scales formed from two to fifty covered with tough leathery scales to children, which is vulgarly called teeth or lobules. Teeth-bulbs oblong, triangular in cross section, thickened toward the middle, with a convex outer surface. The color of the covering scales of the bulb can be white, yellowish, pinkish or dark-purple. The leaves of garlic are narrow, lanceolate, elongated, grooved, pigeon on the lower side, tapered to the ends, drooping or erect, reaching a width of 1 cm, and in length from 30 cm to 1 m. the Subsequent sheet is growing from the axils of the previous – so a solid is formed about the stem of garlic. (Garlic: cultivation and maintenance)
Floral hand can reach a height of 60 to 150 cm, at the end it twists into a spiral and ends umbellate inflorescence covered before flowering film. Globular inflorescence of garlic is composed of white or purplish sterile flowers, bulbs-bullock and thick blankets.
The fruit is a capsule, but seed garlic does not form – what is commonly known as seeds, are actually bulbs air-bullocki, so the reproduction of these bulbectomy garlic is not a seed, and vegetatively. And the seeds of garlic can only be detected in ornamental species and also popular in Central Asia, the perennial garlic not forming bulbs. (Garlic: cultivation and maintenance)
The timing of planting garlic in the spring
Spring garlic planted as soon as the ground warms up to 3-8 degrees. This happens, depending on the region, in April-may. When the temperature reaches 15 degrees – to plant a vegetable crop later. Garlic will not grow and maintained.
So the quality and quantity of future crops depends on the amount of snow in the spring, the more – the more moisture in the soil.
The rules of crop rotation and garlic
The garlic was not sick and gave high yields, keep in mind the rules of crop rotation: the Best precursors for green manure. Garlic is recommended to plant after beans, oats, buckwheat, alfalfa, clover, mustard, and legumes. Vegetables are considered to be auspicious predecessors – cabbage, early potatoes, tomatoes, beets, peppers, carrots. Favorable for the growth are the areas in which grow pumpkin culture. Adverse forerunners are considered culture from the onion family suffering from the same illnesses that winter garlic. To them, but onions and garlic are onion flowers.
Preparation of planting material of garlic
The richness of the harvest always depends on the quality, proper preparation. So 2-3 weeks before planting, use the following procedure:
- Stratification. Place the teeth of the bulbs in the refrigerator.
- Sort. Discard deformed, damaged, soft, curved, with suspect patches. Remove the seed material is left without a shell, scales.
- Disinfection. Usually apply the ash solution: 400 g of ash to 2 liters of water. Suspension simmer for 30 minutes, cooled to room temperature. Then for 2 hours soaked in her bulbs. Alternative – 1 % solution potassium permanganate, copper sulphate and suspension of low concentration. In liquids incubated seed 12 hours.
- Germination. Optional procedure – refer to it to improve germination. Dampen the cloth, the cloth in the water, wrap the cloves in the matter. Place the envelope in a plastic bag, tie tightly and keep at room temperature for 2-3 days.
After these simple procedures, the material is completely ready for the sowing.
Step by step guide to planting garlic in the spring
Spring garlic is only mastrakoulis, so for breeding it is possible to use only his teeth. It has smaller heads and low yields. Its main advantage is a longer shelf life. Often prudent gardeners planted both kinds of garlic. For canning and eating until mid-winter use winter varieties, and for long-term storage — spring. (Garlic: cultivation and maintenance)
To plant garlic you need the ranks, maintaining a spacing of 20-25 cm Distance between the teeth depends on their size. Usually this figure is around 10 cm.
Bury the jags need vertically. If you are planting in the springtime, planting depth should be equal to 5 cm Grooves backfilled and lightly tamped. Mulch optional, use sawdust or other material.
Watering and loosening of garlic
In the period of active growth to water the garlic in the open ground necessary every 5-7 days. To produce healthy and large chives keep the soil near the seedlings was moist, but do not fill the bed. Copious irrigation to reduce the spiciness of the garlic and make it less flavorful.
Crops loosened as needed to a depth of three sentimeters.
Stop watering 3 weeks before harvesting the garlic in July.
Garlic will need feeding in the spring, the period of vegetative mass. Usually after 2-3 weeks use, watering the beds with a solution of urea (20-30 grams per bucket), using 10 l/m2. Then, preferably twice, with an interval of 2-3 weeks, feed the garlic with liquid organic fertilizers. It is best to use chicken manure, dissolving it in water (proportion 1 : 10), and in his absence you can apply the mullein (2 : 10). Like watering, feeding is stopped for 4-5 weeks prior to ripening.
Diseases of garlic
Disease severity depends on the class and its features. It is desirable to completely eliminate shading, like a shadow of many viruses and bacteria. Great importance is prevention. Proper planting, the implementation of agronomic practices help to avoid the development of diseases. Garlic suffering from diseases no less than other cultures. It is necessary to monitor the appearance of the leaves and stems of plants. If there are any signs of deformation it is necessary to remove the plant, and the remaining immediate processing.
Landing chives carried out correctly, can affect the resistance to diseases. We should not ignore rotation. Plants, which are grown on the same place, get sick more often and stronger. When the leaves turn yellow, a sure sign of the disease. The disease must be treated, otherwise the infection will move to healthy plants. The disease is able to destroy most of the harvest in the short term. To prevent teeth before planting, stand in the sun for a few days. It helps to disinfect planting material. For the treatment used a special tool purchased at the store. Some gardeners prefer to use folk remedies, minus which only a short-lived effect, but a plus in safety for the human body. (Garlic: cultivation and maintenance)