Flower Spathiphyllum at home
Spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum) is a popular perennial plant of the family Araceae. The name comes from two Greek words: «Spata» – blanket and «fillum» list, describing specific flower, which resembles an ordinary leaf of a plant, but white only. Todays theme is «Flower Spathiphyllum at home»
So birthplace of Spathiphyllum South America, Eastern Asia, Polynesia. The stem of a plant is missing, the basal leaves form a bundle directly from the soil. Its root system of the flower is rather short. The leaves are oval with a distinct midrib. Lateral veins on the leaves are pressed from the upper side.
Inflorescence in the form of a cob: on a long stalk, with a veil at the base. White veil after flowering fast greens.
- What to do after the purchase of Spathiphyllum?
- Care for a Spathiphyllum at home
- Location and lighting
- Feeding and fertilizer
- The propagation of Spathiphyllum
- Diseases and pests
- Difficulties in growing
What to do after the purchase of Spathiphyllum?
If Spathiphyllum after the acquisition in the pot, then after two or three weeks it should be transplanted into a pot that is slightly larger in size. This flower is different from the vast majority of the remaining houseplants my vlagalishe, so after its purchase, make sure that the ground was quite wet. Otherwise, immediately pour it.
Put the flower best will be closer to the window, which is located on the North side of the house. This location will provide optimum entry of sunlight. At the same time eliminating the possibility of overheating. It should be remembered that the Spathiphyllum is absolutely contraindicated in rooms with dry air. In the winter to spray the plant slightly smaller than summer, but still it should be done carefully.
The flower called «Spathiphyllum» is a big favorite among florists and gardeners. This is a flower room that is not demanding on the lighting. Spathiphyllum can be a great decoration for offices and other rooms, with good lighting. Experienced botanists will tell you that the care of the flower like Anthurium care, however, some differences still exist.
Care for a Spathiphyllum at home
Location and lighting
The lighting, as mentioned above, Spathiphyllum absolutely not picky. Flower thrive in partial shade and even in the shade. Although if you keep it in a poorly lit room, its leaves will become smaller, so do not overdo it with the lack of lighting. Bright light also does not hurt the plant. Rather, quite the contrary – will be useful.
The best place for growing Spathiphyllum – Northern window. If the plant will be located on the South side, it is important pritenyat from direct sunlight. It is important to protect the plant from drafts.
With regard to suitable Spathiphyllum temperature, nothing new here: room temperature to 22-23 degrees is perfectly. Flowering the plant will be at a temperature of 18 degrees, and sometimes it will be enough and 16 degrees. It was not lower.
If you look at all aspects of care for Spathiphyllum is most important, perhaps, maintain a certain humidity of the air in the room. Spathiphyllum likes high humidity. In warm time of the year – in spring and summer, spray the flower at least twice a day. If you do not have sufficient time to spray the plant, you can put it in a container in which to pour the damp clay. This method allows you to maintain a constant humidity, especially in hot weather.
Pour Spathiphyllum need all year round. During flowering in spring and summer, Spathiphyllum needs abundant watering. Winter watering should be in moderation. Water for watering the plants should be defended, its temperature should range from 18 to 23 degrees. Stagnate water in the pot with the Spathiphyllum should not, therefore, superfluous water in the case of education, should certainly merge.
The optimal soil composition for the cultivation of Spathiphyllum: turf, leaf, peat, humus soil and sand in the ratio of 2:1:1:1:1. If you have the opportunity to add sphagnum moss – do it. It will protect the soil from drying out.
Feeding and fertilizer
Spathiphyllum need to constantly feed. Otherwise, this indoor plant will bloom, if you will, is long and irregular. From spring to autumn, when the plant is actively developed, it should feed once every two weeks. In other cases it will be sufficient and once a month. As feeding is ideal organic fertilizer, such as a solution of bird droppings. If there is no possibility of their acquisition, that is fine and universal fertilizer or fertilizer for blooming plants.
Spathiphyllum will feel, if transplanted once a year in the spring. In this he resembles the plant streptocarpus. When transplanting you need to follow a certain technique. You should also take into account the fact that every time the pot should be slightly larger than the previous one.
The propagation of Spathiphyllum
Spathiphyllum propagated mainly by dividing the Bush, less seeds. Reproduction dividing the Bush can be done during transplanting of Spathiphyllum. To do this, the roots of the plants must be free from lumps of earth. And divide with a knife or scissors to every Bush was a point of growth and 2-3 leaves.
Young plants should be planted in small pots with damp soil. In the early days of watered seedlings of Spathiphyllum is not enough to be regular spraying. If you follow all the tips written here. Then flowering Spathiphyllum will start in approximately 8 months. Todays theme is «Flower Spathiphyllum at home»
Detail on the multiplication of Spathiphyllum
Diseases and pests
Spathiphyllum most often is attacked by thrips and mealybug.
Difficulties in growing
When the content of Spathiphyllum have a chance to encounter some problems. If it does not bloom – then either the temperature of the room where it contains, too low, or humidity is insufficient. More often, you may encounter a combination of both.
There is still the option that the flower is not enough feeding. If you are sure that the temperature and humidity. And fertilizing are all in order, then, most likely, Spathiphyllum simply old and flowering makes up for it great work.
If the leaves of Spathiphyllum start to blacken and dry. Then it is possible with almost absolute certainty to say that the problem of watering. Or you give too little moisture to your flower, or pour the liquid. Also a possible reason may lie in the lack of nitrogen or phosphorus.
Another sign that you give Spathiphyllum enough moisture is yellowing leaves. You can try to arrange a flower once in a week bathing in water temperature of about twenty degrees. These «baths» are a great prevention of all kinds of pests.
Flower Spathiphyllum at home is a great idea!