Elephant Ear Plant Care
Alocasia or Arum . In the people, this plant is called «elephant’s ears.» Under natural conditions, it reaches two or more meters, depending on the species.
Alocasia is a relatively undemanding plant. It grows quickly, and it is not difficult to grow alocasia even for beginners in indoor floriculture. It is best to place the plant in a bright or slightly shaded place. Windows facing east or west will be the most suitable. Light must be diffused. Shading is required on the windows of the southern exposure. For young plants, during the growth period, you need a lot of light, but from direct sunlight should be shaded. Alocasia loves moisture and morning sprays. Fertilize the plant in spring and summer 1 time in 2 weeks.
Alocasia can grow both in a container and directly in the ground from May to September/October. Pour the prepared nutrient mixture for alocasia into the dug hole.
In the fall, carefully dig up the plant and separate the tubers if you want to propagate the plant and plant in a pot. Never use plain garden soil. The soil needs to be nutritious, it is best to buy a ready-made mixture in the store. Bring the plant for the winter in a cool and dry room until spring. If the temperature is maintained at +7 ° C, alocasia will remain dormant until the temperature rises in the spring.
One of the biggest killers for alocasia is rot. In winter, water very moderately and carefully. The potting soil should not dry out, but always check the stems for signs of mold or rot and remove accordingly if you see a problem.
In winter, the plant is not fed.
If you want to store the rhizomes in the winter without a flowerpot (earthen ball), it is necessary that the plant is almost completely dry before cutting the foliage in late September / early October. Rhizomes should be stored in a dark and, most importantly, dry place. It is important that the rhizomes do not remain wet, as they may rot.
Treating the rhizome with a fungicide will help prevent rot. When storing, position the rhizomes so that they cannot touch other rhizomes. Old boxes are perfect for storage.
In order for alocasia to grow again, the rhizomes can be placed in a greenhouse without lower heating, in April or May. It usually takes 4-8 weeks to wake up. Then you can plant in flowerpots using the bottom heating. The daytime temperature should be around +18°C and place the flowerpot in a bright room.
During the growing season, it is necessary to feed the alocasia with a balanced diet with a high nitrogen content every 2 weeks. From a lack of nitrogen, the plant grows very slowly.
It should be remembered that the milky juice of alocasia is poisonous, so you must carefully follow the safety rules.
The plant can be propagated by children or daughter tubers, division of the rhizome and stem cuttings. This is usually done at the same time as transplanting the plant. Young plants are transplanted every year, and large enough ones once every 2 years, i.e. it is transferred to a more spacious dish, without disturbing the earthy coma, and a new substrate is added.
Since the plant is poisonous, it should be positioned so that children cannot get it.
In countries with a warm climate, alocasia is used for landscaping parks and gardens.
In indoor gardening, you can use alocasia as a single plant, and in combination with other plants, the care of which is similar to the care of alocasia.
Alocasia ‘Green Shield’
Alocasia »Hilo Beauty»
Alocasia ‘Hilo Bold’
Alocasia ‘White Knight’
Alocasia infernalis ‘Kapit’
Alocasia nebula ‘Elaine’
Alocasia reginula ‘Black Velvet’
Alocasia wentii var