Dichorisandra (Dichorisandra) is a flowering plant of the family Commelinaceae. The birthplace of this herbaceous perennial plant is considered to be Brazil. Here the wild bushes of dichorisandra live in the hot tropics. In Russia the flower is grown in the role of potted landscaping or bred in greenhouses. The more famous the name of the perennial «Golden mustache». Recognition and respect among gardeners dichorisandra received due to its medicinal properties and noble structure. Today I want to tell you about Plant of dichorisandra and its useful properties.
- Description of the plant of dichorisandra
- The types and varieties of dichorisandra with photos
- Dichorisandra albo-marginata
- Dichorisandra fragrant (Dichorisandra fragrans)
- Dichorisandra mosaic (Dichorisandra mosaica)
- Dichorisandra cisticola (Dichorisandra thyrsiflora)
- Dichorisandra Royal (Dichorisandra reginae)
- Care dichorisandra at home
- Methods of reproduction of dichorisandra
- Properties of dichorisandra
Description of the plant of dichorisandra
For plants of dichorisandra typical attractive ornamental leaves and dense inflorescences of bright colors. The rhizome is fibrous type of nodule growths. Above ground stands the rough smooth stem, which is covered with foliage closer to the top. Form plastic sheets ovate, the edges have sharp corners. Adult bushes «Golden mustache» reach a height of 20 to 25 cm Width rarely exceeds 6 cm Some varieties have variegated greens when the foliage layer are painted in white or pink stripes.
The main part of the hive is a Central escape, devoid of side branches. The leaves are sitting in a regular manner and grow from the internodes. In the wild, the height of the plant is sometimes 1 m. Varieties bred in the indoor environment, are much below the plants grown in the natural environment.
The flowering phase comes in September. At this time, stem appear delicate fragrant blossoms that do not fall within a month. The long inflorescence is produced from bright surround the buds. The skeleton of the flower consists of 3 sepals and 3 petals. Colors of the inflorescences is presented in a purple, blue or blue tones. Petals marked with white spots.
In place of dried buds settle fragile achenes with transparent walls. Inside the hidden barbed achenes rough grain. As maturing seeds dry out. The withered leg of the spike also dies and falls off.
The types and varieties of dichorisandra with photos
A genus of dichorisandra includes about 80 variations, including wild species found in Latin America. Group of indoor plants include:
Here is — Dichorisandra albo-marginata
This species belongs to a tall flowered forms and is considered the most popular «Golden mustache» among gardeners. The advantages of dichorisandra belokamennoy should be attributed primarily variegated greens. Leaves lanceolate type, painted in silver color, crossed by bright green shading. Brush-pyramids are formed of blue flowers. The base of the petals is white spot.
Beautiful-Dichorisandra fragrant (Dichorisandra fragrans)
The length of the Bush not more than 40 cm Purple striped stems bear lanceolate gentle lush foliage. The light on the surface of the plates you can see are white with purple tone stripes. Particularly relevant for shading young seedlings that have just started to develop. Blue-and-white blossoms adorn tall stems.
Pretty-Dichorisandra mosaic (Dichorisandra mosaica)
In comparison with other types of «Golden mustache» dichorisandra mosaic stands out broad leaves. The length of each leaf does not exceed 18 see Bloom arrow of the peduncle enveloped in a dense inflorescence, twisted into a spiral. Outside the petals preferably white or yellow. Core catches the eye of a rich blue.
Dichorisandra cisticola (Dichorisandra thyrsiflora)
Massive, lush shrubs up to 2 m are formed from the direct knotty shoots. A large part of the greenery concentrated at the top. The leaves sit on petioles and are oval in shape. Size of plate is approximately 25 cm Both sides of the leaf are green in color. Purple stems rise above the bushes and create a wonderful contrast against all the greenery. The length of the arrow with buds about 17 cm From dichorisandra kesterite make exquisite fruit composition.
Unusual-Dichorisandra Royal (Dichorisandra reginae)
Somewhat resembles the preceding species, but the bushes are inferior in size. Leaves up to 7 cm stick out in pairs. The surface of the variegated foliage with a red tint near the base. Sky-blue blossoms that fill the arrow of the stems contain white pith.
Care dichorisandra at home
Care dichorisandra does not require a lot of effort. The plant is best adapted to fertile, humus soil. Great mix easy to mix yourself. To do this, take sand, peat, turf ground and leaf mold.
Without regular watering and spraying the saplings bent. To increase the humidity of the soil layer, which lies close to the surface, littered with moss. In pots include drainage holes so excess moisture flowed freely out and not accumulate near the root zone.
Dichorisandra loves bright light. Summer for full development for 12 h, the pots should be in the light. Pritenyat culture is necessary only on the window sills, located on the South side of the building. The longer daylight is, the more abundant will be flowering. So, the lack of sun can be changed to artificial lamps.
That southern representatives of dichorisandra afraid of drafts, so planting is carried out in warm places. In summer, the preferred temperature is from +20 to +25°C, in winter after the growing season culture prefers from +16 to +18°C.
The rapid build-up of greenery requires intervention in the form of mineral supplements. Make it 2 times a month.
«Golden mustache» resistant to pests and rarely sick. It happens that Bush is parasitic mealybug. To fight with the intruder used insecticides.
Methods of reproduction of dichorisandra
«Golden mustache» is propagated through seeds or through cuttings. Billet telenok better to do in the spring. Dig the Bush, carefully cut the rhizome into pieces. Ready delenki is placed in the soil, while the roots remain fresh. Soon the shrub will adapt to a new place and begin to build up young leaves.
For cuttings, cut the tops of the shoots and lower in wet soil. Escape arch so that the underground part is occupied by a horizontal position. Then the chances of root cuttings increase. From time to time the soil is sprayed. Top handle covered with a transparent polyethylene. The formation of roots takes place after a couple of weeks. By this time seem side branch. It is recommended to crop to the Central stem eventually was able to get stronger.
Seed of dichorisandra successfully rises under favorable conditions. Planting events organized in loose nutrient substrate.
Properties of dichorisandra
Decorative plants add elegant and slender stems, long lasting freshness, the house of representatives. They are used in bouquet arrangements.
In addition to the attractive appearance of the structure of dichorisandra has a number of useful therapeutic properties. In freshly squeezed juice contains flavonoids, phytosterols. «Golden mustache» valued not less than the ginseng root. Various preparations of dichorisandra are used to improve skin elasticity, stabilize the endocrine system and metabolic processes in the body. Therapeutic virtues of the flower is proven not only in folk medicine, but also successfully used in the official pharmacology. Decoctions and infusions based on the parts of the plant drink in order to prevent against cancer and vascular sclerosis.
To protect yourself from potential allergic rejection should before you start taking drugs from the «Golden mustache» to get advice from the experts.