Celery: cultivation and medicinal properties
Celery: growing and healing svaistikliai belongs to the family Umbelliferae. In the culture he originally came in as an ornamental and medicinal plant. In Ancient Egypt celery was cultivated and prized for its spectacular view, the ancient Greeks also decorated their dwellings woven of celery garlands, but also used as a medicinal plant.
Use celery as a vegetable Europeans were only in the HU-HUI centuries, and that is not all. First began to use it in food practical Germans. In RUSSIA, herring was in the XVII-XVIII centuries, but here it has long been bred as an ornamental plant, and only then appreciated the rhizome of celery as the most fragrant and tender white roots.In the culture found root celery with a distinct root; leaf without roots, and petiolate, with thick, wide stalks.
No matter what of varieties or treated celery should not throw it juicy, fragrant leaves. Currently, European countries are more popular celeriac, and in America — petiolate.Among other vegetable crops celery is a large content and a good balance of minerals, it contains a lot of vitamin C, there is a carotene, the b vitamins, especially B2, B6 and OT.
Celery has medicinal properties. Gives a positive effect in the treatment of gastritis with low acidity, reduces inflammation and pain in gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. The juice of the root is used in diseases associated with increased vascular permeability. It is recommended for diseases of the kidney, bladder and gout. This culture is also used in disorders of mental activity disorders.For cultivation in the North-West region we recommend the following varieties: Delicacy, Root Gribovskaya, Apple, Yudinka – root, Kartuli — leaf; Golden pen, Utah, Pascal — petiolate.
Celery — cold-resistant plant that likes a moderately cool climate, its seedlings can withstand a temperature of minus 4-5°C, but Mature plants — minus 7-9°C. the Most cold-hardy root celery.The celery longer vegetation period is 6-7 months. This leads to sowing date. In the North-West region a full crop of celery can be obtained only in the case if you grow it through seedlings.Celery seeds germinate slowly at 15-20 day.
And the first two months after germination celery grows slowly, so its seedlings do not take up much space. Seeds are sown in a growth chamber filled with compost based on peat that is 1-2 days before seeding shed water.Sown in furrows with a depth of not more than 0.5 cm, the distance between the grooves of 4-5 cm celery Seeds are small, try to sow them evenly, not sagusa. Seeding rate of 0.05 g per 1/4 sq. m. Close the cover soil, slightly compacted, so that seeds and soil firmly in contact with each other. To germination temperature maintained at 22-25°C, after germination above 18°C, especially in cloudy weather.
During the growing period it is impossible to prevent drying of the soil. Since mid-April, the seedlings in heated greenhouse, mid-may planted in the open ground.Good luck with the plantings, gardeners, good harvest.L. Shashilova, candidate of agricultural Sciences