Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe) is a perennial plant of the family Crassulaceae. The genus has over 200 species of herbaceous perennials, succulents and shrubs. Natural habitat is tropical and subtropical. In nature, the flower grows in Australia, Asia and America. Today I want to tell you about very interesting Kalanchoe plant, its useful properties and how to take care of Kalanchoe at home.
- Kalanchoe: a description of the plant
- Care of Kalanchoe at home
- Location and lighting
- Feeding and fertilizer
- Transplant Kalanchoe
- Reproduction of Kalanchoe
- Kalanchoe cuttings
- Growing from seed
- Diseases and pests of Kalanchoe
- Medicinal properties of Kalanchoe
- Types of Kalanchoe photo
Kalanchoe: a description of the plant
This plant belongs to the group of succulent plants, can accumulate in their leaves and stems water. The closest relative is jade. The similarity confirmed the folk wisdom: jade is popularly called the Money tree, Kalanchoe – the Tree of life.
Sometimes confused with Kalanchoe, aloe, or consider it a kind. Indeed, these plants are similar: both are succulents, have superficially similar leaves and a lot of useful medicinal properties. But they are completely different plants belonging to certain families.
The plant is also known under the names Home doctor, Home ginseng and the Tree of life. All of the popular name is more than justified and accurate: Kalanchoe juice has healing properties and is widely used in medicine.
Care of Kalanchoe at home
Care of Kalanchoe at home is so simple that even the beginner. The plant is not fastidious and resilient, able to adapt to almost all growing conditions and forgive its owner many of the errors of care, up to its absence.
To care for Kalanchoe possible even for those who don't is discipline. However, this does not mean that the flower does not require attention. Care house Kalanchoe is needed, then the flower will delight not only its benefits but also its appearance.
Location and lighting
Kalanchoe is not demanding to stay in the house. In summer, the flower will be comfortable in Western and Eastern Windows. In the winter, preferably South. If the plant is under bright sunlight, you may get burned. So in the summer it should be protected from direct sunlight. Lack of light when the plant is pulled, and the flowers are small and inconspicuous.
A mandatory condition for flowering is 12 hours of light a day. For regular and abundant flowering, it is necessary to take care of this condition: to plant in the summer pritenyat from direct sunlight, and use additional lighting in the fall and winter.
Kalanchoe is well tolerated the summer heat and can be grown at home at a temperature of from 18 to 30 degrees. In winter it prefers cool 16 to 18 degrees. This temperature is optimal for the formation of flower buds. At a higher, or, conversely, a low temperature process of laying the flower buds inhibited.
Despite the fact that Kalanchoe is a succulent, it needs regular watering. The mode of irrigation is determined by the temperature, size, and condition of the plant. In the summer, in dry and hot weather, binding not only regular, but abundant watering.
If the plant is in the shade, then watered sparingly – 1 every 2-3 days, focusing on the condition of the soil. In winter reduce watering to a minimum.
Flower easily tolerate the lack of moisture, but the moisture is very sensitive.
Kalanchoe "indifferent" to humidity. Flower feels good in a warm room with dry air. Easily tolerate high humidity at low temperatures. However, a light spraying will not hurt – it is used for hygienic purposes. After spraying the leaves with a soft cloth or sponge.
To growing Kalanchoe in the home will suit any soil. Perfectly prepared soil for succulents, which can be purchased at any flower shops. If desired, the soil mix can be done independently, taking equal parts of leaf and sod land, peat and sand. To the mixture is desirable to add charcoal or perlite. At the bottom of the pot must be drainage.
Feeding and fertilizer
Kalanchoe gratefully responds to feeding, who spend any fertilizer for cacti. Empirically developed the optimum scheme of fertilization: 1 time in 2 weeks, since the second half of may until mid-July. Resume fertilizing in late autumn, when it begins forming flower buds.
The need for transplant Kalanchoe is more likely to occur if the plant pot becomes too small. It happens that as a result of abundant watering the soil turns sour. In this case it is better to replace, grafting plant.
In order for the plant to look beautiful, it needs regular form, conducting pruning and topping of Kalanchoe. Pruning of shoots is carried out in the spring. Much long shoots are pruned to 2/3 or up to half length.
For the formation of beautiful Bush, in early summer, carried out the topping of the shoots. This is especially true for young plants. Light pruning is desirable after the end of flowering.
For abundant flowering Kalanchoe in the spring and summer must adhere to the 12-hour photoperiod. The lighting should be bright. Otherwise, you need to use additional artificial lighting.
At the end of flowering is necessary to trim. This will allow to get rid of dried flowers and to shape a healthy and beautiful plant. Cropped parts of the plant can be used for rooting cuttings.
Flowers can be cut and put in vase with water. There they can stay long enough without losing its attractive appearance.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe
The Kalanchoe plant is very easily propagated, sometimes this happens with minimum human involvement. Enough baby or a leaf to break away from the parent plant and fall to the ground, he has every chance to grow on their own.
The flower can be propagated from cuttings, kids and leaf, rooting them in spring in wet sand and creating greenhouse conditions, covered with a hood.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe cuttings
For propagation by cuttings is a separate leaf or cut of escape. Rooting is very simple. You must detach from the parent plant leaf and plant it in fertile soil. To carry out this procedure it is better in early summer. For cutting create hothouse conditions, covering it with a jar or polyethylene, and periodically spraying. Very soon the leaf will take root.
Growing from seed
The flower is quite simple to propagate by seed. The sowing is performed in late winter or early spring. To do this, use the leafy earth, where the seeds are sowed carefully the plants. Sleep seeds on top not necessary, just push them into the ground with his finger. Containers with seeds covered with glass or transparent film, regularly ventilate in the morning and evening. The temperature for germination needs to be between 16-20 degrees. Also needs regular watering with warm water.
After germination the glass or film must be removed. Wait about a month the seedlings can be transplanted into individual small pots. Than seedlings get stronger and they will have a lot of leaves, carried out the topping. Subsequent transplants carried out on the growth of plants. Flowering Kalanchoe grown from seeds coming for next year.
Diseases and pests of Kalanchoe
In case of prolonged improper care or its absence, Kalanchoe can weaken and sicken. Under conditions of prolonged waterlogging flower usually gets sick powdery mildew and gray mold, aphids affected and molochnica.
Medicinal properties of Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe has healing properties and is widely used in folk medicine. The juice of the plant has anti-inflammatory effect, used in gynecology and dentistry. The juice is also used for healing wounds and burns, treatment of ulcers and frostbite. Also juice used for treatment of stomatitis and tonsillitis.
Types of Kalanchoe photo
The genus includes about 20 species. Many species of Kalanchoe are grown at home.
Kalanchoe the Blossfeld Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)
This species is famous for its numerous flowers, gathered in the inflorescence-umbrella. The flowers are on long stalks and a variety of different colors. Plant care is very unpretentious.
Kalanchoe Mangina Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe manginii)
Ampelnoe form. Flower miniature (up to 15 cm) and has exotic buds, resembling little bells. Flowering usually occurs in spring.
Degremona Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe daigremontiana)
This species blooms quite rarely only in the winter. Plant height reaches 50 cm Has a straight stem and long (up to 10cm) green triangular leaves. The leaves are studded with numerous purple spots.
Kalanchoe pinnate (Kalanchoe pinnata)
Considered the most hardy species. Characterized by its height reaching 1 m. the flower Colour is unusual: white tone, which fades into green. The juice of this species of Kalanchoe is sold in the pharmacy.
Bent Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe bentii)
The species are represented by shrubs, reaching a height of 1 m. Sheet of platinum have a length up to 50 cm, fairly thick and weighty. The white color flowers are collected in inflorescence umbrella. Flowering occurs in mid and late spring. Perfectly resistant to cultivation in the cool areas.
Bukharskoi Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe beharensis)
This species is represented mainly by shrubs. Those leaves have a toothed shape, covered with small hairs.
The felt Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe tomentosa)
Representatives of this species – shrubs. Stem erect, leaves with small hairs. Miniature flowers are collected in inflorescence umbrella.
Kalanchoe grandiflora Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe grandiflora)
The form still known as Kalanchoe marble Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe marmorata). This is mainly shrubs, reaching a height of 50 cm Leaf plates green color. In direct sunlight the leaves may become pale red. Yellow flowers are collected in inflorescence-umbrella, have a pleasant aroma. Flowering begins in late spring.
Metallotorgovle Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe thyrsiflora)
Plants of this species reach a height of 50-60 cm From the base of the leaves are densely, closer to the top – the leaves become smaller and less frequent. The flowers are yellow in color. Flowering occurs in late spring.
Fiery Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe flammea)
The species is known as Kalanchoe grey Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe glaucescens). Plant height is 40 cm Leaf plates become wider and more closer to the top of the plant. The leaves are round green with white tinge at the edges. The orange flowers are collected in inflorescence umbrella.
Truncatetitle Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe tubiflora)
The species are represented by shrubs, reaching a height of 70 cm Leaf plate gray-green narrow elongated shape. The leaves of the plant is studded with brown spots.
Split Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe laciniata)
The form known as Kalanchoe lobed. The stalks eventually fall down under his weight, dropping the leaves at the base. Green leaves have a lobed shape. The flowers are yellow or orange hue.
Kalanchoe, Kalandiva (Kalanchoe Kalandiva)
The view obtained by breeding. Modest size and the semi-annual period of flowering.
For plant Kalanchoe easy to care for at home, so simple, even for growers beginners. Subject to certain rules flower will continue to please with their beauty. I hope my article helped you and now you know How to take care of Kalanchoe at home.