American beauty brassia Orchid (Brassia) has been gaining popularity among our gardeners. In the wild, the plant prefers to climb hills or hiding in the rainforest-dominated humid warm air. These buds, like variegated spider legs, adorn the stems. Unusual inflorescences became the reason why the flower is called "Orchid-spider". Today I want to tell you about Brassia Orchid at home.
- Description Orchid brassia
- Brassia Orchid at home
- Feeding and fertilizer Brassia Orchid at home
- Reproduction of brassie
- Diseases and pests
- Orchid species of Brassii
Description Orchid brassia
Brassia flower belongs to the Orchid family. Remnevidnye leaves originate from the palpal bulb pear. At the ends of the leaves narrows and turns into the Lancet. Bright green plates have smooth surface and sturdy structure. From the United lush leaves formed a rosette. The capacity of the palpal bulb is gradual. Once the old bulb dies, in its place a young growth. Shortened stems creeping type. Bulbs are are very closely and almost clinging to each other. Often in adults, the bushes held tightly Bulba transformed into a kind of ladder.
The inflorescence consists of unbranched compressed buds that are attached to the peduncle. The number of buds, as a rule, does not exceed 15 pieces. There are also species in which the number of axillary flowers is much less. Arrow peduncle grows to 15-50 cm in Addition to petals the flower contains sepals narrow, length to 15 cm of the ends of the sepals resemble a thin thread. Short rounded petals of different shape. The big column and lip have no points of contact.
There are white, yellow, purple and brown Orchid species of brassii. The Bud head painted small brown spots. Blooming perennial exudes an intense aroma that is similar to the smell of daffodils.
Care brassia at home
Room representatives orchids of brassii low maintenance. Flower pots are recommended on the East or West side of the building, where there is bright natural light. Direct sunlight can cause burns on the leaves.
A favorable temperature for the cultivation of culture is the interval from +20°C to +25°C. lowering the temperature to +15°C is not too dangerous. The threat is the dry air, as the birthplace of orchids are tropical rainforests. To avoid wilting of the leaves helps regular spraying. In winter the plant is immersed in a state of rest, which lasts about 2-3 weeks. Reduce watering and move the pots to a cool place.
Orchids can not be watered from above. Capacity with a flower dipped in a bowl of warm water for 15 min, the roots were saturated with moisture. Excess water must be drained. When the skin of the palpal bulb is covered with wrinkles, it is a signal that the plant filled with water. Watering should stop for a week, till the plant recovers.
Feeding and fertilizer
In winter for the active development and abundant near flowering orchids are installing additional lighting and fed complex fertilizer containing phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. The dressing makes every month.
In may and September room Pets stand on the balcony where the bushes enjoy the fresh air and begin to form a flower ovary. Such a climate will only benefit perennial.
Reproduction of brassie
Orchid brassia sold in many flower shops. If friends already have a room this beautiful can be propagated from adult plant vegetatively. The event is recommended in the spring. In the spring the bushes are waking up from hibernation and begin to actively develop. Excavated perennial neatly cut into pieces and slices treated with charcoal. Extracted thus delenki transferred to a new place. You need to split the bushes remained three healthy bulbs.
To begin the glaze on the fourth day after planting. Pot with a flower dipped into a container filled with warm water. Young branches are cut so the plant has fast gained strength. Plots of slices prosypayutsya charcoal powder.
Soil for orchids collected from pre-prepared components: pine bark, top moss, charcoal and moss-sphagnum.
If instead the purchase of the substrate had to mix the soil for planting on their own, it is required to disinfect, and boiling for 10 min in a water bath.
When brassia much will grow, you will have to transplant the plant to another wider pot to Bulba was spacious. The front organized a transit way, then it is possible to avoid rotting of the bark in the new substrate. With this method the root system is less damaged and better take root. Building new bulb, is observed most often on one side, so the Bush in the pot slip to the wall, leaving the center free space. Containers not filled to the top, since the formation of regular bulbs going on over the old one.
Have a damaged root system, it is important to completely clear the roots from adhering to an old earth. The rhizome is soaked in warm water and inspect. If you notice the affected shoots, remove them. The transplanted culture experiences some stress, therefore, at first, requires careful care.
Diseases and pests
The most annoying parasitic insects, harmful brassii, is spider mites. Infected shoots washed under running hot water. In axils of foliage is taken by the scale insects and mealybug. Salvation from pests act chemicals: Malathion, actellic and phosalon. To fix the effect and not be faced in the future with the infection, the treatment is repeated after some time.
As a result of improper care Bulba suffer from rotting. The disease causes excess water in the root zone and the cold. Should be avoided cases where the fluid stagnates for a long time in the soil. Orchids need to be planted in transparent container, which has drainage holes. Below the hole is not clogged, clean them periodically.
Orchid species of brassii
Pedigree of brassey is divided into fifty species. Cultural styles include the name of the selection form:
Brassia warty. Considered one of the most popular and unassuming types. Height of flower is about half a meter. The inflorescence is formed of loosely painted greenish buds. This edges of the petals are narrowed. The surface of the petals glistening in the sun. Brassia warty able to bloom all year round.
Brassia spotted. Stands out from fellow large spotted buds. Fragrant yellow blossoms smell like sweet delicious vanilla.
Brassia tailed. Long uneven stems are pale yellowish white flowers. Entering the flowering stage, the plant fills the space around the persistent full-bodied aroma.
Brassia Royal. Buds-stars densely cover the compact Bush.
Brassia summer dream. This pale yellow Orchid with a maximum height of 15 cm.
Brassia unnoticed. Has elongated blooming small pieces whose surface is dotted with brown spots.
An ornamental hybrid varieties of orchids brassia include:
- Maltase – derived on the basis of brassie and miltonia. Her purple inflorescence spiders surrounded by short sepals;
- Becerra – motley crossed form;
- Presidium received from brassii and can. Pouchcove flowers of striking bright colors.
Orchid brassia will be a bright decoration in any home, and caring for the flower is easy even for beginners. Brassia Orchid at home is a great idea!