One of the most well-known of indoor plants is begonia. Not so long ago as bedroom culture there was one of her kind – the tuberous begonia. Its main peculiarity is that the root is tuberous rhizome. This kind of plant is a complex hybrid created by crossing different species of plants. As regular begonias, tuberous leaves have asymmetric shape and fleshy stems.
Tuberous begonias form began to grow in the mid-19th century. Then came the first hybrid of two wild species of the Bolivian begonias. As the years passed, and experts have constantly crossed this species with other species of plants brought from Chile, Peru, Ecuador. Today breeding new species of this plant professionals and gardeners.
Tuberous species of plants bloom beautifully, and for this feature they are valued growers and gardeners. Flowering is very abundant, the flowers can resemble a variety of garden flowers: roses, carnations or peonies. Depending on the type of hybrid combines the appearance of the flower: they are simple or double, small or large. Color may vary: white, yellow, pink, red; and possible transition colors, a two color options of flowers or Kayakoy.
Begonia tuberous unpretentious, fairly easy to care for, can grow in the shade. Each individual species has its own form with stems erect or low and spreading, with large flowers or many smaller ones.
Types of tuberous begonias
There are several types of tuberous begonias. Named here are pretty easy to care for, planting and cultivation does not require special skills.
- Begonia drooping can be quite high: plant height reaches up to 35 cm of the Inflorescence of this species have red coloration.
- Begonia Sutherland – basket variety (that is, the plant with drooping stems), has blossoms the color of copper. Suitable for growing in hanging pots.
- Many-flowered begonia. The brand name speaks for itself: the flowers can be various shades and colors. There are also instances with double buds.
Begonia tuberous double.
Almost all of the instances discussed varieties have fleshy stems, but the leaves may be different as ugly, and Terry. On one plant there are flowers of both sexes separately from each other.
As already noted, the begonia is quite undemanding plant. However, some simple care rules still exist. Without them, it is quite simple to grow in your garden.
The first thing you need to choose the right planting material. Choice of material will greatly facilitate further care. It is best to buy tubers in February and March. Thus it is necessary to pay attention to their appearance: they must be dense, with a smooth surface of dark brown color without white spots. If you buy the tubers in early spring – they should already be visible buds, you should not buy the material already visible new stem.
For sprouting tubers with swollen buds in early March (it was then that ends the dormant period of the plant) are sent to a special mix that contains peat, leaf soil, humus and sand. With this planting the tubers are not buried, but lightly pressed into the soil with buds up, slightly watered. It is better then, the growth of the shoots, gradually add the ground. Flowerpot with begonia left in a humid room with temperatures up to 20 degrees. The temperature control is an indispensable rule of the care of this plant.
When the shoots get stronger, start their planting a permanent place of growth. Begonia tuberous quite successfully grown as indoors in a pot and in the garden. It is recommended to alternate these landing: a year of begonias are grown in open soil and a flowerpot on the windowsill.
Approximately 4 weeks after planting in the open ground its weekly feed of potash fertilizers to early autumn. In early summer, do not be amiss to feed the plant with a weak solution of mullein in July-August – weak solution of complex mineral fertilizers. Should not loosen the earth about the stems: the roots of the plants are very superficial and easily damaged. Enough soil around the shrub mulch with a thin layer of peat or compost. A special place in the care of begonia is watering – it should be regular but not too abundant. It is very important to prevent water stagnation in the soil and rotting the roots. Good drainage and permeable soil that is ideal for planting and growing begonias. For this plant it is better to choose a location in partial shade, avoiding direct sunlight on the plant.
When autumn comes and decreasing daylength, height of begonias is terminated. According to the rules of care, in this period, cut off damaged and dead stems and almost stopped to water the plant. With the onset of cold weather is not recommended tubers of begonias to dig now. If not anticipated frost the tubers left in the ground. At this time they begin a new growing season and the buds are formed for growth next year.
About the middle of October, when the temperature drops below 15 degrees, the begonia tubers are dug, washed, and dried for 2 weeks at room temperature. Dry material placed in a tray with sand and put in a cool place (it can be the basement or the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator). Proper storage of planting material until next spring – also an important condition for the care of the plant. In a dark and cool place the tubers are a «rest period» and kept until the beginning of March next year.
Methods of reproduction
Tubers from year to year increase in size. When sprouting of tubers and the appearance of new germs they are divided into parts and are seated in individual pots.
Reproduction sablevm handle.
Rare species of plants can be propagated by cuttings. To do this, in July cut off the side shoots and put in a glass of water. In August, with the appearance of roots, they are planted in pots and set on the windowsill. So begonia winters. The following year, in late may or early June, you can start planting young plants in the open ground. Learn more about reproduction in this article.
Since the end of may and before the onset of autumn frosts resistant diverse and colorful flowers begonias pleasing to the eye. By following simple rules of care you can easily grow this wonderful plant that will adorn your garden and suburban area.